- Category: get the BEE knowelge
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Want to know how bees make honey?
Honey is a sweet, thick sugary solution made by bees. The composition of honey consists of varying proportions of
fructose, glucose, water, oil and special enzymes produced by bees. (Glucose and fructose are types of sugar).
The first step in making honey begins when field bees fly from flower to flower collecting the sweet juices or nectar
that a flower provides. With their tongues, the field bees suck out the nectar and store it in sacs within their bodies.
After filling their sacs with these sweet juices, the field bees fly back to their bee hive and regurgitate the stored nectar
into the mouths of house bees.
These house bees are assigned the job of adding enzymes from their bodies to the nectar. The enzymes cause the
water in the nectar to evaporate-thereby turning the nectar into honey. Lastly, the nectar is stored in a cell of a
honeycomb. Overtime, the nectar ripens and becomes honey.
The buzz on honey...
Honey is one of the easiest foods to digest. Honey is used in many cough syrups because its smooth, thick texture
soothes throats. As a result of honey's unique ability to readily absorb air, it is often used as a moistening agent in
Honey comes in all types of colors and flavors. The color and flavor of honey depends on the how old the honey is
and the kind of flower that the nectar was extracted from
What is honeycomb made from?
A honeycomb is a mass of hexagonal wax cells built by honeybees in their nests to contain their larvae and stores of
honey and pollen. The term is also used for man made materials that resemble it in appearance or structure. In
addition, Polistinae and Vespinae wasps construct hexagonal prism packed combs, which are made of paper
instead of wax.
Honeycomb is essentially the furniture and pantry in the bees' home. Beekeepers may remove the entire honeycomb
to harvest honey. The honey can be extracted from the comb by uncapping and spinning in a centrifugal machine -
the honey extractor. Fresh, new comb is sometimes sold and used intact as comb honey, especially if the honey is
being spread on bread rather than used in cooking or to sweeten tea.
Broodcomb becomes dark over time, because of the cocoons embedded in the cells and the tracking of many feet,
called travel stain by beekeepers when seen on frames of comb honey. Honeycomb in the "supers" that are not
allowed to be used for brood stays light colored